Haydn, Franz Joseph
- (1732–1809)The first of the major classical composers of the Viennese tradition, Haydn was born in the rural village of Rohrau in Lower Austria. His father was a master blacksmith. Haydn learned the rudiments of composition apparently on his own. However, his musical talents were recognized very early, by others as well as, on his own testimony, by himself. In 1740, Haydn became a choirboy at St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna. After his voice changed nine years later, he supported himself in a wide variety of musical jobs, as a dance violinist, as a choral accompanist, and as a choir director. He wrote his first symphony around 1761.By 1766, Haydn was the musical director of the Esterházy household in Eisenstadt, then in Hungary, and now the capital of the Austrian Burgenland. He remained in the service of these immensely wealthy patrons until 1790, when the choir was disbanded. Haydn then left for Vienna. The 24 years at the Esterházy Palace were among his most productive, spreading his reputation far beyond the provincial confines of his daily life. His works were performed in Paris and London, and he received an honorary degree from Oxford University.Haydn wrote over 100 symphonies, more than 70 string quartets, and countless other musical works for a wide variety of instruments. Perhaps his most impressive compositions are his oratorios, such as The Creation (1798) and The Seasons (1801), and masses such as the Lord Nelson Mass (Missa in angustiis, 1798). Though the composer never lost the popular inspiration that lies at the heart of his music, his formal achievements were very important in the development of both the Austrian and the Western musical idiom. He brought the thematic structure, along with the harmonic and expressive content of the sonata, to a new level of complexity, at the same time paying attention to the interrelatedness of all the musical elements of the work.
Historical dictionary of Austria. Paula Sutter Fichtner. 2014.
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Haydn, Franz Joseph — • Famous composer (1732 1809) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Haydn,Franz Joseph — Haydn (hīdʹn), Franz Joseph. 1732 1809. Austrian composer who exerted great influence on the development of the classical symphony. A contemporary of Mozart, he wrote numerous symphonies and string quartets as well as operas and concertos. * * * … Universalium
Haydn, Franz Joseph — (1732 1809) An Austrian composer whose musical creativity has been attributed in part to his musical hallucinations. Haydn suffered from hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, and hyperacusis. As this combination of symptoms is highly suggestive of… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Haydn, Franz Joseph — (31 March 1732, Rohrau, Austria – 31 May 1809, Vienna) Known as the father of the symphony and father of the string quartet, Haydn also made important contributions to the sacred repertory that survive mainly in the concert repertory of choral … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Haydn, (Franz) Joseph — born March 31, 1732, Rohrau, Austria died May 31, 1809, Vienna Austrian composer. Intended for the priesthood, he was recruited at age eight to the choir at St. Stephen s Church, Vienna, where he learned violin and keyboard. On leaving the choir … Universalium
Haydn, (Franz) Joseph — (31 mar. 1732, Rohrau, Austria–31 may. 1809, Viena). Compositor austríaco. Destinado al sacerdocio, a los ocho años fue reclutado para el coro de la iglesia de San Esteban en Viena, donde aprendió violín y clavecín. Al dejar el coro, comenzó a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Haydn, Franz Joseph — ► (1732 1809) Compositor austríaco. Es una de las figuras cimeras del clasicismo. Durante su juventud fue compositor prolífico: divertimenti, un quinteto, dos sinfonías, etc. Desde 1761 ejerció como segundo maestro de capilla del príncipe… … Enciclopedia Universal
Haydn, Franz Joseph — (1732–1809) Austrian composer … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Franz Joseph Haydn — Joseph Haydn 1791, Ölgemälde von Thomas Hardy (Franz) Joseph Haydn (auch Josef, er benutzte nie Franz; * 31. März 1732 in Rohrau, Niederösterreich; † 31. Mai 1809 in Wien) war ein führender österreichischer Komponist der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Franz Joseph Haydn — Franz Joseph Haydn † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Franz Joseph Haydn Born of staunch Catholic parents at Rohrau, Austria, 1 April, 1732; died at Gumpendorf, Vienna, 31 May, 1809. He began his great musical career in the choir school of St … Catholic encyclopedia